Bear Lake Watch
A Beautiful Place
The warm sun shimmers off the rippled surface of Bear
Lake, creating thousands of tiny flashes of brilliant light, showing
off just one of her many moods and amazing colors. This is a special
place for me. I love to sit quietly, looking out over the lake, soaking
up the beauty and tranquility.
I grew up just a short distance away, in Logan, and remember clearly
the excitement I felt as a boy when we'd come over the summit of Logan
Canyon and get our first glimpse of Bear Lake. I still feel that excitement
today, more than half a century later.
My connections to Bear Lake grew even stronger when I married Susan
Wakley in our senior year at Utah State. Susan's grandfather, J.W. Hayward,
was one of the early doctors in the Bear Lake area. His cabin in Fish
Haven, which we now own, was one of the first summer cabins on the lake.
Bear Lake became our family destination of choice for summer vacations
and our children, like their parents, have spent part of every summer
at Bear Lake. I guess it's not surprising that my feelings for this
unique and special place run so deep and that I am committed to helping
preserve and protect this unique resource.
The level of Bear Lake had fluctuated over the years but
I grew increasingly concerned as the severe drought of the late 80's
and the early 90's sucked the waters down to near record lows. In some
places the lake had retreated nearly half a mile from its normal shoreline,
leaving behind swamps of bulrushes and cattails and leaving most boat
ramps and harbors well above the water line.
There are a lot of special people who love Bear Lake and a few of us
gathered at Jerry Phelps's home in Garden City in the summer of 1993
to see if there was some way that we could help. Bear Lake Watch was
born out of those discussions.
What can we do?
Our first meetings were filled with questions about what
we could or should be doing. One thing that we all agreed on was that
we could not just sit by and watch the lake drop even further. We had
to do something
Early in that first year, our president, Gary Bergener's work load made
it impossible for him to continue in that role and I found myself in
that position. It didn't take me long to find out how little I knew
about "Water Rights" and "Water Law" and how emotionally charged water
discussions could get. Those emotions were in full bloom at the Bear
Lake Summit, which was held at Bear Lake West in the summer of 1994.
Bear Lake county commissioner, Ron Law, had organized the summit to
bring together a cross section of people with varied Bear Lake interests.
At that gathering, we quickly realized that our vision of Bear Lake
was vastly different from that PacifiCorp's, and the irrigators, as
well as that of the environmentalists or the river rafters.
The words I remember most came from one of the irrigators as he spoke
to a TV news crew, at the end of a conference. When asked about the
future of the Bear Lake he said, "its over water and we will do anything
we want with it."
The Battle Lines are Drawn
The decisions regarding the use of the water in the Bear
River Drainage and Bear Lake had traditionally been made by power and
agricultural interests. As far as they were concerned, that was the
way things should stay. The Bear River Commission, the tri state body
that has jurisdiction over the Bear River/Bear Lake system was controlled
by these same groups and their attitudes was "If it ain't broken, don't
Getting a Seat at the Table
Even though Bear Lake Watch (BLW) included homeowners,
business people, local residents and developers with a very real stake
in what was happening at Bear Lake, no one would listen to us. We knew
that if we wanted to have some impact on the future of Bear Lake we
had to have some leverage.
BLW enlisted the support of the Land and Water Fund out of Boulder,
Colorado. LAW was an Environmental Action Group that had helped other
groups like ours. Ayoung attorney by the name of Randy Weiner was assigned
as our lead attorney. After visiting Bear Lake and reviewing our situation,
he suggested that we had grounds to sue the Corps of Engineers for issuing
a dredging permit to PacifiCorp without requiring an environmental impact
PacifiCorp had requested the permit using an exemption which allowed
farmers to clean out their ditches and repair their irrigation facilities.
One thing was clear, if the lake continued to drop it would be impossible
for PacifiCorp to pump much water without dredging a channel. The situation
for the down stream irrigators looked grim indeed.
I am not a fan of law suits and as a group BLW had decided
that we would rather negotiate than sue anyone, but we also realized
that if we wanted that seat at the table, a lawsuit might be our best
tool. We filed the lawsuit. We got their attention and were immediately
attacked by PacifiCorp and the irrigators. Some of the name-calling
and threats got personal.
The Bear River Canal Corporation, the largest water user in the system,
launched a personal attack on me. In a letter a to their members they
said, "Merlin Olsen is trying to steal your water." And suggested that
a good way to retaliate was to boycott the local Chevy dealers and mount
a complaint to get me fired as a spokesman for the Rocky Mountain Chevy
My attorney wanted to file a lawsuit claiming it was a "slam dunk" situation
but I decided to at least sit down with the irrigators before I took
I arranged a meeting with the Bear River Canal Company and headed north
to their offices in Tremonton, Utah. Expecting to meet with a few members
of their organization. What I found when I got there was a more than
thirty very angry irrigators representing all of the irrigation companies
along the lower Bear River.
I did more listening than talking at that meeting, as they vented their
anger and frustration and accused me of trying to take away their livelihood.
When my turn finally came, I told them that I fully respected their
water rights and wasn't trying to steal anybody's water.
I also said that if they wanted to go to war, I was ready for that,
but suggested that we sit down first and at least try to find some common
ground before that happened.
With Bear Lake just two feet above it's all time record
low, real concerns about when the drought would break and Pacificorp's
ability to deliver irrigation water the following summer, we finally
got to the table. Those early meetings were often punctuated with anger
and emotion, but gradually we began to trust each other enough to find
that we did have many things we could agree on.
Once we had convinced the irrigators that we respected their water rights
and that we were not trying to steal anyone's water, they began to understand
that a healthy Bear Lake was more important to them than it was to us.
Our objective throughout the negotiations was to try to find a way to
limit the fluctuations on Bear Lake. We also wanted greater accountability
on the amount of water pumped out of the lake and voluntary cutbacks
during low water years so that the lake could recover more quickly.
The key players all had their own agendas, but we were able to come
to an agreement that was acceptable to all concerned and the Bear Lake
Settlement Agreement was signed on April 10th of 1995.
Special thanks should go to Carley Burton of PacifiCorp, Randy Budge,
the Attorney for the Bear River Water Users Association and Jim Kimbal
who represented the Bear Lake interests. Without their hard work and
diligence, this agreement would never have been completed.
What About Tomorrow?
Mother Nature was very generous in the years following
the Settlement Agreement and Bear Lake was full in the summers of '97,
'98, and '99. But we live in a traditionally dry country and the snow
pack this past winter was very light. We've also had record heat and
little moisture this spring and summer.
Once more, wide expanses of beach are showing as the lake level drops.
We are concerned that we may again be entering a drought cycle. As painful
as it is to see the lake retreating, we can take solace in the agreements
that Bear Lake Watch helped negotiate. These agreements force automatic
cutbacks in the amount of water pumped out of Bear Lake as the lake
levels fall, thereby allowing the lake to refill more quickly than it
has in the past.
Bear Lake Watch must continue to be proactive and aggressive if we wish
to stay in tune with our mission statement of "protecting and preserving
Bear Lake". We must be vigilant in our relationships with the Bear River
Commission, as well as the many Federal, state, and local agencies that
have an impact on the lake - particularly with PacifiCorp and the Bear
River Water Users Association.
Two of the most pressing issues we face are: Our challenge of the Federal
Energy Regulation Commissions relicensing of PacifiCorp's five power
generating facilities on the Bear River without including the Lifton
facility on Bear Lake and finding a way to impact Pacificorp's "flow
In a very short period of time, Bear Lake Watch has made a difference.
I believe we will continue to do so, because we really do care.